Tag Archives: Raspberry Pi Robot #1

Rasberry Pi Robot with ROS, Xtion and working base_controller teleop

Before I dismantle my little [amazon &title=Raspberry Pi&text=Raspberry Pi] Robot #1 , I wanted to have a little video of its base_controller working together with the turtlebot teleop. It uses the geometry/Twist messages to transmit moving information like a lot of ROS Robots do.

As you see there is a little acceleration control implemented which makes the robot start smoothly and stop after gently after no key is pressed anymore. In case of emergency its possible to hit e.g. the space bar for a instant full stop.

This robot isn’t very fast – but the next one will be. So this was a successful ROS-learning robot which I can recommend to everyone who wants to know how ROS Robots work.
Its a bit hard to get all of the source compiled on the small arm cpu, and there are nearly no precompiled packages – but it takes away all the fear from compiling errors in the future 🙂

 

Raspberry Pi Robot with ROS, Xtion, OpenNi2 and rviz providing 3d point cloud data

That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for a small raspberry powered ROS robot.

Okay – maybe thats a bit too big – but I am in a good mood. I compiled the latest openni2_camera ros driver on the little arm cpu of the [amazon asin=B00LPESRUK&text=[amazon &title=Raspberry Pi&text=Raspberry Pi]]. Before that, I used the driver provided by kalectro (see source), which is an older fork but prepared for raspberry.

As a result of that, I’ve got some new features like the IR-Image stream I visualized with rviz :

Raspberry Pi Robot with ROS

Raspberry Pi Robot with ROS

or the handy little parameter with which it is possible to skip some frames which reduces the load a bit:

Now, running roscore on my laptop – I had some sensor_msg/Images I needed to convert into 3d depth data. After some little issues with faulty XML-launch files, I finally got openni2_launch up and running, which is a handy little launchfile using rgb_launch providing every data format you’ll can get out of the [amazon &title=Xtion&text=Asus Xtion].

Now I’ve had a /camera/depth/points topic, with a pointcloud2 datatype. Which is really nice because rviz can visualize it:

Raspberry Pi Robot with ROS - Xtion

Raspberry Pi Robot with ROS – Xtion

Houston, we’ve had a problem.

Yes, there were times when it was possible to land on the moon by the power of a daily life calculator – but todays robots need more than that 🙂 So my aged Intel Centrino Core 2 Duo ASUS-F3J with 1,7Ghz each core isn’t able to do more than I reached today. It pops to 100% processing and after some time it collapses totally.

So todays lesson learned is:

Robots are distributed systems – by every measure.

So I’ll need more power.. again…

Raspberry Pi Robot #1

I’ve completed a new version today. It is a bit smaller and heavier, but already running ros hydro (I will write a small tutorial soon how to achieve that) with OpenNI2 and the ros-package openni2-camera. With that its possible to stream data to another computer visualizing the depth image of the [amazon &title=Asus Xtion&text=Asus Xtion] in rviz. I had some trouble solving and compiling all drivers, dependencies like ros-packages and libs like openCV (see Howto).

When the camera node is running the Raspberry is faced at with a processing load of 100%. The used network bandwidth is about 200-300 kb/s.

I suppose the raspberry Pi needs to be replaced by something stronger soon.

But for my first week in robotics, it’s something 🙂

 

Raspberry Pi Robot #0

I am trying to build my own [amazon &title=Raspberry Pi&text=Raspberry Pi] based robot. Someday, it shall be able to drive autonomously based on data from its [amazon &title=Asus Xtion&text=Asus Xtion] (a smaller version of an Xbox Kinect) and with the help of ROS (Robot Operating System). For today, it is only capable of driving straight forward.

PiRosBot #Zero

Parts:

  • [amazon &title=Asus Xtion&text=Asus Xtion] Pro
  • a [amazon &title=Raspberry Pi&text=Raspberry Pi] Model B Rev.2.0
  • WLAN USB stick
  • two Stepper Motors 28BYJ-48 Datasheet PDF 5V controlled by an ULN2003A Chip
  • an easyAcc Powerbank with 10.000mhA with an MicroUSB Cable supplying 2A of power
  • some metal toy constuction set parts including 3 wheels
  • 8 old female to female jumper wires
  • 2 Y female jumper whires (to share positive and ground of the raspberry with the motors)

With this setup, the raspberry i able to run at least 8 hours by the power of my already a little bit aged powerbank. Driving at an unbelievable slow speed of about 30 seconds per meter (full torque mode of steppers).

For documentation (and for fun, because I never did this before), here a small video of the very first test drive: